Golmod
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Since excavation of the Gol Mod site began, a team of anthropologists has worked with the Mission. In 2001, a field laboratory was set up, and in 2005, a second laboratory with storage facilities was created on the premises of the Archeological Institute in Ulaanbaatar. In this way, issues of inventory and conservation can be addressed within Mongolia. Human remains, which require more in-depth investigations, are studied at the Musée de l'Homme in Paris. However, given the acidity of the soil at the necropolis, vestiges of this sort are rare and are often in poor condition.

The current excavations have unearthed the remains of young adults; only a single male has been estimated to have reached the age of fifty. We may estimate their height—based on their robust skeletons—at approximately 1.70 meters for Europoid and Mongoloid individuals. In order to better define the Xiongnu's general anthropological characteristics, the team undertook a comparative study using subjects from other sites, in particular from the Egiin Gol cemetery, which had been excavated prior to 2000. Examination of paleopathologies and subtle odontological evidence has provided a wealth of information, allowing researchers to identify, among other things, their state of health and dietary habits.



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