Xiongnu ceramics represent a small portion of the objects excavated from Gol Mod. By and large, they are part of offerings placed to the north of the coffin. Made from fairly loose clay and fired at a low temperature, the vases are fragile and are most often found broken. Pieces made from this crude clay, which varies in color from buff to dark gray, rest on narrow circular bases more or less stable. Created with the help of a rudimentary wheel, the shapes are either oval jars with a wide body and a short, flared neck, or wide-mouth pots with distinctive lip. The sides are fairly thick and uniform, and are decorated with a simple incised wave pattern on the shoulder. These pieces are between 15 and 78 centimeters high.